Drunk drivers have long plagued Ohio’s roads and highways, putting innocent people in harm’s way for no good reason. Over the years, the state has enacted different laws in an attempt to crack down on these negligent drivers to increase safety for everyone. Residents may find it interesting to track the effectiveness of these laws by reviewing important statistics.
Alcohol-related vehicular deaths in Ohio
Records from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration show that in the five years spanning from 2014 to 2018, there were only minor changes in the number of people killed by drunk drivers. In 2014, 302 lives were lost in crashes in which alcohol was a contributing factor. Those deaths accounted for 30% of the state’s total vehicular fatalities that year. For the next two years, the number of drunk driving deaths increased first to 309 and then to 331 before dropping slightly to 329 in 2017. In both 2015 and 2017, alcohol was involved in 28% of the state’s auto deaths and in 2016 it was a factor in 29% of deaths.
The impact of Annie’s Law
In the spring of 2017, Annie’s Law went into effect across Ohio. It introduced the use of ignition interlock devices by even first-time offenders and increased the length of time for which a driver’s license would be suspended after a first or subsequent impaired driving offense. Annie’s Law also allowed courts to consider any arrest within 10 years of a prior drunk driving offense to be a second or greater versus after only six years.
In 2018, there were fewer drunk driving deaths with 294 people killed in these crashes. However, overall traffic deaths also dropped resulting in a stagnation of the 28% of all deaths.
Why is Grandma acting different? If you notice behavioral changes in an elderly loved one who lives in a nursing home, it is important for you to pay attention. While there are many excellent facilities out there, elder abuse is a real thing. Psychological elder abuse is the most difficult kind to spot, but it is also the most common.
One of the best ways to avoid nursing home problems developing or continuing is by staying involved and staying informed. Awareness is a key to prevention when it comes to elder abuse. Here are some things family members can do to help seniors identify and prevent psychological abuse.
- Educate seniors about what to look out for
Knowledge is power in the struggle against abuse. Psychological abuse can be verbal and nonverbal. It can involve yelling, intimidation and silent treatment, among other examples of abusive behavior. Phone scams can also cause psychological damage. If a nursing home resident is on the alert for these issues, it may help him or her feel more comfortable about reporting them.
- Stay involved
Check in on your loved one. Call or visit the nursing home regularly. Stay knowledgeable about the contacts and events in his or her life.
- Encourage regular activity
Make sure your loved one avoids isolation by getting out of his or her room and socializing with others. Daily exercise is also important. Seniors need to keep moving!
- Look for sudden changes
Anxiety, depression, agitation, social withdrawal, a lack of confidence and a sense of hopelessness are all common signs of psychological abuse. Physical indicators of mental and emotional trauma may include insomnia, malnutrition, weight loss or low energy.
- Ask questions
Asking questions is a great way to understand a situation. Ask your loved one about treatment by friends, staff and other acquaintances. Questions about specific abuse indicators can be particularly helpful.
Electrical hazards are common in all areas of life. While they often are a concern on many worksites, they also are something you want to be aware of in your own home. An electrical shock can be minor or severe. It often depends on the source and the conditions surrounding the incident.
According to WebMD, you should especially watch children who are at risk of electrical shock from simple household items, such as outlets and electrical cords. Another risk for anyone is lightning, but sources of electricity all have some risk. When you suffer an electrical shock, it can have a terrible effect on the body and cause serious trauma.
What is looks like
Often an electrical shock does the most damage inside the body. You will often not see a lot of injury to the skin. However, burns may be visible at the site where the electricity entered the body and the ground area.
It is also common for there to be secondary injuries. If the force of the shock throws a person, he or she could have secondary injuries from the fall. If there was an explosion, then there is the potential for other injuries.
More often, the injuries from an electrical shock happen inside the body. You may feel pain in your extremities. You could be suffering from muscle contractions or a broken bone. You may also have damage to internal organs, such as the heart. It is not uncommon for a strong shock to bring about cardiac arrest. You could also suffer a brain injury.